Ashok Pillar

Ashok Pillar Prayagraj city me Triveni sangam ke kinare Allahabad Fort ke bahar main gate par situated hai. Ashok Pillar ko Allahabad Pillar ke naam se bhi  jana jata hai jo Ashok ke Pillars me se ek hai. Allahabad Pillar ko Maurya Vansh ke teesre Emperor Ashok the ‘Great’ ne 3rd century BCE me banwaya tha. Ashok Pillars un gayad pillars me se hain jo apne beautiful and unique edict ke liye famous hain. Allahabad Pillar Bluwa patthar (polished sandstone) ka bana hua ek single shaft hai jiski unchai 35 fit (10.7 mtr) hai aur iska nichla vyas 35 inch aur upar ka vyas 26 inch hai.

History of Allahabad Pillar

Allahabad Pillar purane zamane ke banwaye gaye monuments ka ek unique and beautiful example hai. Allahabad Pillar ko Ashok ne 232 BC me Koshambi me banwaya tha jo present place se 30km dur Allahabad ke west me Kosala Kingdom ki rajdhani thi. India ke Mughal Empire me ane ke baad 1356 me Delhi ke sultan Firozshah Tughlak ne Topra (Ambala,zila Haryana) aur Merath se Ashok ke two pillars badi mehnat se mangwakar delhi me khade karwaye. Inme se ek ‘Kotale’ me aur dusra ‘Kushak shikar’ (shikar ka mahal) ke pas khada karwaya gaya tha. Iske bad ek bar phir se 1853 me Mughal Emperor Akbar ne Ashok Pillar ko Koshambi se Allahabad Fort ke pas shift karwaya aur us par Triveni sangam ke bare me laikh khudwaye. Bar bar idhar udhar  karne ki wajah se pillar ko bahut harm hua tab 1605 me Emperor Jahangir ne engineer Captain Edward Smith ke under me ise dobara banawaya jise Joseph Tiefenthaler ne sketch kiya tha. Jahangir ne pillar par apne takhatposhi ko bhi script karwaya.

  Inscription of Allahabad Pillar

Allahabad pillar par Ashok ke alawa bahut se Emperors ke laikh khude hue hain. Ashok ne apne updeshon ko pillar par likhwane ke liye Khroshti aur Brahmi (Magadh ki old language) ka use kiya hai. Iske bad Gupta Empire ke second king Samudragupta ne apne darbar (court) ke most important poet and minister Harisena ki poem ‘Prayag Prashasti’ ko bade hi beautiful and refined tarike se is par khudwaye jise Gupta Age ka classical document bhi kaha jata hai. Allahabad Fort me shift hone ke bad Emperor Akbar ne is pillar par Ganga Yamuna aur Saraswati Rivers ke sangam (Triveni sangam) ko bhi script karwaya jiski wajah se yeh pillar city ka most important kumbh mela attraction bana hua hai aur log ise dur dur se visit karne ke liye ate hain. Emperor Jahangir ne apne takhat pat baithne ki story bhi Allahabad pillar par likhwayi jiski nakkashi Persian language me unke favourite sculptor, Mir Abdullah Mushkin Qalam ne ki thi.

 Intention Behind Making The Pillars

Phele Ashok bahut violent and cruel king tha jo apne jeet ke liye charo taraf khun bahata rahta tha, uske bad some circumstances uska heart change hua aur shanti ke raste par Buddhism apna liya. Isi religion ko promote karne, moral updeshon, non-violence aur love message ko public tak pahunchane ke liye pillars banwaye aur us par updeshon ko likhwaya. Allahabad pillar par bani Lion ki murti Ashok ki morality, courage, confidence and pride ko describe karti hai. Allahabad pillar par abacus Alternate Lotus aur Honeysuckle ki beautiful scroll nakkashi hui hai.

Present Day me Allahabad Pillar Indian Army ke under me hai jise special permission ke according 7.00 Am se 6.00Pm tak 1-2 hour ke liye hi dekha ya visit kiya ja sakta hai. Common peoples ko uski boundary tak hi jane ki permission hoti hai. Kumbh mele me aye hue tourist Allahabad city ke is tourist place ko zaror dekhte hai.

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Ghazala Siddiqui